Florida (pronounced / flɪrɪdə /) is a southeastern United States state bordering the Gulf of Mexico in the west, bordering Alabama and Georgia in the north, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and In the south is the Florida Strait. Florida is the 22nd largest, fourth largest population, and has the eighth-largest population of 50 US states. The capital is Tallahassee, the largest city is Jacksonville, and the Miami metro is the largest metropolitan area.
On the surface, much of Florida is a peninsula located between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic, and the Florida Strait. Florida has the longest coastline among the 48 contiguous states of the United States, with approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), and is the only state adjoining the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Florida terrain is not mountainous, low-lying land is no higher than sea level, covered by sediment. Florida’s climate is sub-tropical in the north; The south has a tropical climate. Wildlife in the Everglades National Park features typical species of Florida such as American alligators, leopards, pigs.
In 1513, the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León became the first European to come into contact with present-day Florida territory, naming it La Florida (“la floɾiða” When landed at Easter. Florida thus became a challenge to European colonial powers until it became a US state in 1845. This was a major place in the Seminole Wars against the Indians, and the way Ethnic separation after the Civil War. Today, Florida is notable for its large Spanish-speaking community, high population growth, and growing environmental concerns. The Florida economy relies heavily on tourism, agriculture, and transportation. Florida is also known for amusement parks, oranges, and the Kennedy Space Center.
United states Florida
Florida culture reflects diverse influences and inheritance; Indians, American-Americans, Latino and African-American heritage can be found on buildings and cuisine.
Archaeological research shows that the ancient Indian was the first native to reside in Florida, perhaps as early as 14,000 years ago. The area was continually inhabited during the ancient period. After 500 BC, ancient immutable ancient cultures began to unify into particular indigenous cultures. By the 16th century, the first recorded history of Flordia, large Indians (Apalachee), Timucua (northern and central Florida), Ais Tocobaga (Tampa Bay area), Calusa (southwest Florida) and Tequesta (southeastern coast).
Florida is the first place in the United States adjacent to Europeans. The Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León discovered the peninsula on April 2, 1513. According to his chronicle, he named the area La Florida (“fertile soil”) as it was the season of the season. Born, in Spanish is called Pascua Florida, and due to the plant in the area bloom.  Horses were consumed by indigenous peoples as food until about 10,000 years ago, and by 1538 European explorers brought them to North America and to Florida.
In the following century, both Spaniards and French established settlements in Florida with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a colony in Pensacola today, one of the first attempts by Europeans to settle in the continental United States. The Huguenots from France established the Carolinas fort in Jacksonville today in 1564. The area of Florida in Spain was shrunk as Britain established colonies in the north and France established colonies in the west. The British weakened the power of the Spaniards in the region by supplying their allies Creek and Yamasee, urging them to attack the Spanish tribes of the Timucuan and Apalachee. Florida attracted many black people from the British colonies in North America to escape slavery. When they arrived in Florida, the Spaniards converted them into Roman Catholicism and gave them freedom.
A nineteenth-century white cowboy.
Britain took control of Florida and other territories by diplomatic means in 1763 under the Paris Peace Accords of the Seven Years’ War. The British divide their newly acquired territory into East Florida with the capital at St. Louis. Augustine, and West Florida with the capital in Pensacola. The British attempted to develop the two colonies of Florida by importing migrants for labor, but this project eventually failed. Spain regained two colonies of Florida after Britain was defeated by the 13 North American colonies and following the Treaty of Versailles in 1783, and continues to be subdivided into East and West Florida. Spain granted land to those who settled in the colony, and many Americans moved there.
After settlers attacking Indian cities, the Seminole Indians in East Florida began attacking settlements in Georgia, claiming that they were under the Spanish command. The US military led the deeper penetration into Spanish territory, including the Seminole Campaign in 1817-1818. After the war, the United States controlled East Florida in practice.
In 1819, under the terms of the Adams-Onis Agreement, Spain ceded Florida to the United States in exchange for $ 5 million, and the United States relinquished all of the Texas claims that it could obtain from the Louisiana Purchase. Black liberty and Indian slaves, the Black Seminole, live near St. Louis. Augustine, fled to Havana’s Havana to avoid being subjected to United States administration. Some Seminole also abandoned their settlements and moved further south. Hundreds of Black Seminole and escaped slaves escaped in the early 19th century from Florida to the Bahamas, settling on Andros Island.
In 1830, as a result of the passage of the Indian Reservation Act and due to increased settlement, the United States government was under greater pressure to relocate Indians from their lands in Florida. To deter Georgia landlords, the Seminole harbors and integrates runaway black people, known as black Seminole, and the conflict between whites and Indians rises with the influx of settlers. In 1832, the US government signed the Payne’s Landing Agreement with a number of Seminole chieftains, promising them the lands west of the Mississippi River if they agreed to voluntarily leave Florida. At that time, some Seminole people moved, but some still prepared the defense room for the land they claimed. The US Army arrived in 1835 and forced the Seminole to enforce the treaty under pressure from white settlers. The Second Seminole War ended when the United States abandoned fighting because of the cost of the war.
On March 3, 1845, Florida became the 27th state in the United States, a state that maintained slavery, but its population initially grew slowly. The white settlers continued to encroach on the land that Semi people
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